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Best 30 MCQ’s On Assam history – Assam History 30 MCQ’s For Competitive Exam – SST

1. Who was the founder of the Ahom kingdom in Assam?

   – A. Sukapha

   – B. Rudra Singha

   – C. Sankardev

   – D. Lachit Borphukan


   **Answer:** A. Sukapha

   **Explanation:** Sukapha, a Shan prince from Myanmar, founded the Ahom kingdom in Assam in 1228 AD.


2. The Battle of Saraighat, a decisive conflict in Assam’s history, was fought between the Ahom kingdom and which other power?

   – A. Mughals

   – B. British

   – C. Cholas

   – D. Marathas


   **Answer:** A. Mughals

   **Explanation:** The Battle of Saraighat took place in 1671 between the Ahom kingdom and the Mughal forces led by Ram Singh.


3. What is the significance of the Vaishnavite saint Srimanta Sankardev in Assam’s history?

   – A. Ahom military leader

   – B. Architect of Kamakhya Temple

   – C. Cultural reformer and saint

   – D. First Chief Minister of Assam


   **Answer:** C. Cultural reformer and saint

   **Explanation:** Srimanta Sankardev played a crucial role in cultural and religious reforms in Assam, particularly in the development of the Bhakti movement.


4.  Which Ahom king is credited with building the famous Rang Ghar, an amphitheater in Assam?

   – A. Rudra Singha

   – B. Suhungmung

   – C. Sukapha

   – D. Rajeswar Singha


   **Answer:** B. Suhungmung

   **Explanation:** Rang Ghar was constructed during the reign of King Suhungmung in the 18th century and served as a royal sports pavilion.


5.  The Treaty of Yandabo in 1826 resulted in the annexation of Assam by which colonial power?

   – A. British

   – B. Portuguese

   – C. Dutch

   – D. French


   **Answer:** A. British

   **Explanation:** The Treaty of Yandabo concluded the First Anglo-Burmese War and led to the annexation of Assam by the British East India Company.


6.  Which Assamese freedom fighter was a key figure in the Quit India Movement against British rule?

   – A. Tarun Ram Phukan

   – B. Kanaklata Barua

   – C. Ambikagiri Raichoudhury

   – D. Lachit Borphukan


   **Answer:** C. Ambikagiri Raichoudhury

   **Explanation:** Ambikagiri Raichoudhury was an active participant in the Quit India Movement in Assam.


7.  The Assam Accord, signed in 1985, aimed to address issues related to which community in Assam?

   – A. Ahoms

   – B. Bengalis

   – C. Bodos

   – D. Tea Garden Workers


   **Answer:** B. Bengalis

   **Explanation:** The Assam Accord focused on issues related to the influx of Bengali-speaking people into Assam and sought to protect the cultural and political rights of the Assamese people.


8.  The Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited (BCPL) is associated with the production of which industrial product in Assam?

   – A. Silk

   – B. Tea

   – C. Petrochemicals

   – D. Jute


   **Answer:** C. Petrochemicals

   **Explanation:** BCPL is a petrochemical company in Assam that produces various chemicals and polymers.


9.  The Assam tea industry was introduced by the British in the early 19th century. Which district is known as the birthplace of Assam tea?

   – A. Dibrugarh

   – B. Jorhat

   – C. Golaghat

   – D. Sivasagar


   **Answer:** C. Golaghat

   **Explanation:** The first tea garden in Assam was established in Golaghat district.


10.  Which National Park in Assam is known for being a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is home to the one-horned Indian rhinoceros?

    – A. Kaziranga National Park

    – B. Manas National Park

    – C. Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

    – D. Nameri National Park


    **Answer:** A. Kaziranga National Park

    **Explanation:** Kaziranga National Park is famous for its conservation efforts and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


11.  The ancient temple of Kamakhya is dedicated to which goddess?

    – A. Durga

    – B. Saraswati

    – C. Lakshmi

    – D. Kali


    **Answer:** A. Durga

    **Explanation:** Kamakhya Temple in Guwahati is dedicated to Goddess Kamakhya, a form of Durga.


12.  Who was the prominent Ahom general known for his role in the Battle of Saraighat against the Mughals?

    – A. Sukapha

    – B. Rudra Singha

    – C. Lachit Borphukan

    – D. Suhungmung


    **Answer:** C. Lachit Borphukan

    **Explanation:** Lachit Borphukan is celebrated for his leadership in the defense of Assam against the Mughals.


13.  The historic town of Sivasagar, known for its Ahom architecture, served as the capital of the Ahom Kingdom. What was its earlier name?

    – A. Jorhat

    – B. Golaghat

    – C. Rangpur

    – D. Sibsagar


    **Answer:** D. Sibsagar

    **Explanation:** Sivasagar was earlier known as Sibsagar during the Ahom rule.


14.  Which river is the longest in Assam and plays a significant role in the state’s geography and culture?

    – A. Brahmaputra

    – B. Barak

    – C. Subansiri

    – D. Dihing


    **Answer:** A. Brahmaputra

    **Explanation:** The Brahmaputra River is the longest river in Assam, influencing the region’s agriculture and livelihood.


15.  What is the traditional Assamese festival celebrated to mark the Assamese New Year?

    – A. Bihu

    – B. Durga Puja

    – C. Diwali

    – D. Rongali


    **Answer:** A. Bihu

    **Explanation:** Bihu is a popular festival in Assam, marking the Assamese New Year and celebrated with cultural performances and traditional dances.


16.  Who is known as the “Bard of Brahmaputra” and is a prominent literary figure in Assam?

    – A. Lachit Borphukan

    – B. Jyoti Prasad Agarwala

    – C. Sankardev

    – D. Bhupen Hazarika


    **Answer:** B. Jyoti Prasad Agarwala

    **Explanation:** Jyoti Prasad Agarwala is a revered poet, playwright, and cultural icon in Assam.


17.  The Ahom kingdom was overthrown by which dynasty in the 19th century?

    – A. Chutiya

    – B. Koch

    – C. Jaintia

    – D. Burmese


    **Answer:** D. Burmese

    **Explanation:** The Burmese invasions led to the downfall of the Ahom kingdom in the early 19th century.


18.  Which British explorer and officer is credited with the discovery of the source of the Brahmaputra River?

    – A. David Scott

    – B. Alexander Mackenzie

    – C. Francis Younghusband

    – D. Thomas Coryat


    **Answer:** C. Francis Younghusband

    **Explanation:** Francis Younghusband is known for his exploration of the Brahmaputra River.


19.  The traditional Assamese silk, known for its golden color, is called:

    – A. Muga

    – B. Eri

    – C. Tussar

    – D. Mulberry


    **Answer:** A. Muga

    **Explanation:** Muga silk is a unique variety produced in Assam, known for its lustrous golden color.


20.  The Battle of Itakhuli in 1682 was fought between the Ahoms and:

    – A. Burmese

    – B. Mughals

    – C. Koch

    – D. Jaintia


    **Answer:** B. Mughals

    **Explanation:** The Battle of Itakhuli was a significant conflict between the Ahoms and the Mughals.


21. Which national park in Assam is known for its tiger reserve and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site?

    – A. Nameri National Park

    – B. Manas National Park

    – C. Kaziranga National Park

    – D. Dibru-Saikhowa National Park


    **Answer:** B. Manas National Park

    **Explanation:** Manas National Park is recognized for its biodiversity and conservation efforts.


22.  The Koch dynasty, which ruled parts of Assam in the medieval period, had its capital at:

    – A. Jorhat

    – B. Majuli

    – C. Kamakhya

    – D. Koch Bihar


    **Answer:** D. Koch Bihar

    **Explanation:** Koch Bihar served as the capital of the Koch dynasty.


23.  What is the traditional boat race held during the Bihu festival called?

    – A. Dhuliya Bihu

    – B. Rongali Bihu

    – C. Bhogali Bihu

    – D. Sualkuchi Bihu


    **Answer:** A. Dhuliya Bihu

    **Explanation:** Dhuliya Bihu features traditional boat races as part of the Bihu celebrations.


24.  The Ahom kingdom maintained a unique form of governance known as:

    – A. Monarchy

    – B. Democracy

    – C. Oligarchy

    – D. Kheda system


    **Answer:** D. Kheda system

    **Explanation:** The Kheda system was a distinctive form of governance in the Ahom kingdom.


25.  Which river island in the Brahmaputra is the world’s largest river island and a hub of Assamese culture?

    – A. Umananda

    – B. Dibru

    – C. Neermahal

    – D. Majuli


    **Answer:** D. Majuli

    **Explanation:** Majuli is the world’s largest river island and is culturally significant in Assam.


26.  The historical monument “Talatal Ghar” in Assam served as:

    – A. Royal residence

    – B. Military outpost

    – C. Educational institution

    – D. Trading center


    **Answer:** B. Military outpost

    **Explanation:** Talatal Ghar was a military structure built by the Ahoms.


27.  Who is considered the father of Assamese literature for his contributions to the development of the Assamese language?

    – A. Sankardev

    – B. Lachit Borphukan

    – C. Hiteshwar Barua

    – D. Lakshminath Bezbaroa


    **Answer:** D. Lakshminath Bezbaroa

    **Explanation:** Lakshminath Bezbaroa is hailed as the father of Assamese literature.


28.  The “Asom Sahitya Sabha” is an influential literary organization in Assam. In which year was it founded?

    – A. 1905

    – B. 1917

    – C. 1923

    – D. 1935


    **Answer:** B. 1917

    **Explanation:** The Asom Sahitya Sabha was founded in 1917 to promote Assamese literature.


29. **Question:** The Battle of Saraighat is often associated with the military prowess of which Ahom general?

    – A. Suhungmung

    – B. Rudra Singha

    – C. Lachit Borphukan

    – D. Sukapha


    **Answer:** C. Lachit Borphukan

    **Explanation:** Lachit Borphukan played a crucial role in the Battle of Saraighat.


30.  The traditional Assamese silk, known for its white color, is called:

    – A. Muga

    – B. Eri

    – C. Tussar

    – D. Mulberry


    **Answer:** B. Eri

    **Explanation:** Eri silk is a type of silk produced in Assam known for its white color and is also called “Ahimsa silk” as it is non-violently obtained.

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